We quickly discovered while studying hacktivism that no two people ever have the same thing to say about it. Maybe this is a reflection of the decentralized and deeply individualized medium that plays host to it, or maybe it’s due to its sheer newness. It’s most likely come combination of the two. In our research, we were able to identify two major motivations in work that self-identifies as hacktivism: the values of activism and street protest and the ethics dominant in hacker culture. In their book, Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a Cause?, Tim Jordan and Paul Taylor identify these two strains as mass action hacktivism and digitally correct hacktivism, respectively. We will explore this terminology further in later sections, but it is important to note that Jordan and Taylor base their distinction on the hacktivist’s relationship to an inherently disembodied cyberspace. In their view, digitally correct hacktivists embrace this feature of cyberspace, whereas mass action hacktivists counter it by attempting to populate this space with embodied agents. To be clear, the two aren’t meant to be hard and fast divisions, nor could they be. In fact, most hacktivist activity could be argued to demonstrate elements of both. However, these categories do provide a useful analytical framework for examining hacktivist actions.
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The Future of Journalism article discusses the growing trends in journalism and examines the current crisis it is currently in. Traditional newspapers are closing and many believe this signals the end of journalism as we know it.

However, some people think the so-called crisis journalism is in might be the best thing to ever happen to it.

Some consider this crisis as a sort of “purgative”. They believe the financial problems and sacking of journalists cleanses the field. Radical millenarians, as James Curran calls them, believe traditional news media only serves to promote the “overdog” and is a threat to true democracy. With traditional journalism being challenged, an opportunity is born for more progressive reporting to begin that were unable to gain footing when leading media conglomerates controlled the field.

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Kyle Hiedacavage, Kristen Yoonsoo Kim, and Jessica Yu

Here Comes Everybody – Clay Shirky

Chapter 3 (P55-69)

Jessica Yu

In the beginning of Chapter 3, Clay Shirky talks about the news professions, and how the introduction of internet and weblogs are changing the definition of news professions and news itself. Newspaper executives were slow to understand and react to the change brought by internet. The internet created a new “ecosystem of information” which introduced the concept of “mass amatuerization of publishing.” Everyone who owns a computer has the capability to publish news, you no longer have to be a professional to publish news story. Read the rest of this entry »