Panorama

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“It was a vast circular representation of objects, where the eye reached to a horizon, and there being no limit, the illusion was complete” (Foucand 94).


Patent

A patent dated June 19th, 1787 is granted to Irish “portrait-painter” Robert Barker of the city of Edinburgh for an invention “called by him La Nature à Coup ď Œil, for the purpose of displaying Views of Nature at large, by Oil-painting, Fresco, Water-colours, Crayons, or any other Mode of painting or drawing.” Literally “The Nature of the Blow of the Eye,” the patent notes that “this invention has been since called the Panorama” (Barker 165). That Barker’s technique is not merely a new, page-bound perspective for two-dimensional markings but an interdisciplinary experience necessitating particular reception is apparent in his introductory sentence: “my invention…is intended, by drawing and painting, and a proper disposition of the whole, to perfect an entire view of any country or situation, as it appears to an observer turning quite round” (my italics; 165). The remainder of the document describes the proper construction of the building in which a panorama painting may be displayed, discussed in depth below.

Technical aspects

stuff

An illusionary viewing technology that was highly popular in the nineteenth century...


Remediations: feature on digital camera (can't see all at once, must capture in sections like original),

hiss/ pops: the floor (fixed with false terrain [painting needs sculpture, interdisciplinary art]), patent (Robert Barker) states that an enclosure must force the viewer from getting too close, constructed viewpoint

projection used to create? difficult perspective- pencil attached to 15ft bamboo stick

forced a certain distance from image

Goethe: ocean

stations of the cross- catholic churches

Pops and Hisses

floor and ceiling: painted?

frame: never feel below or underneath the picture

interdiscplinary: sculpture included

"shock" from nausea at being so high: sea sickness

Obvious

functional nonsense: hats inside why need top covering? ceiling not necessary?

content: landscapes: charleston, battle scenes, Robert K. Porter

need circular room

what if from point that didn't exist? --perspective/scale is what makes effect --not just abstract art... needs to make sense


Functional Nonsense

functional nonsense: going through dark corridor to get to viewing... intentionally shocking you

enter in middle of room

Moving Panorama

Remediation

Digital cameras often enable a photographer to take multiple, successive snapshots of a landscape that may then be "stitched" together with computer software. While this language may come from any number of textile based synthesis procedures, Oettermann notes that weaving mills could not produce single canvases large enough for panorama painting, making it necessary "to sew together a number of strips approximately nine feet wide" (54). panning of camera in film

death because of film?

modern virtual reality- simulator sickness- not being able to determine

digital camera

natural history museum animals

Editing Decoding

need bold lines

fifteen foot pencil

had to have many focal points vs typical one focal point

Advertisements

"the public is respectfully informed"

1849 advertisement

1797 advertisements

Formal Prohibitions

who can write? -only certain artists -whole team of anonymous painters

who can read? -inclusive democratic viewing -no vip section -two people could stand back to back and see same piece of art


la la la

mark twain

See world as bourgeois see it

Trying to hide the frame- in the frame

Church with early fresca

Church thing is big

cave paintings

look at history of comm ish
tribal light on wall

moby dick ocean crow's nest

hot air balloon from same time

dewey decimal system for library

root of evil panorama in house

eiffel tower

trying to make real conform to your idea of what the real is

bourgeois

pattern of creating visual image

Citations

  • Barker, Robert, “Specification of the Patent granted to Mr. Robert Barker…Called by Him ‘La Nature à Coup ď Œil,’” in The Repertory of Arts and Manufactures: Consisting of Original Communications, Specifications of Patent Inventions, and Selections of Useful Practical Papers from the Transactions of the Philosophical Societies of All Nations, &c . &c. Vol. 4. London: 1776, pp.165-167.
  • Foucaud, Edward. “The Book of Illustrious Mechanics of Europe and America.” translated by John Frost. D. Appleton & Co., New York: 1847.